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37 Expresso Un material: madera A material: wood Color: blanco A color: white Objeto cotidiano: el cuaderno de dibujo y la taza del café Everyday object: the sketchbook and a cup of coffee Buen proyecto: aquel que contiene de forma discreta pragmatismo, ingenio y generosidad A good project: one that is discreetly pragmatic, ingenious and generous Mal proyecto: aquel que es desatento (a los lugares, las gentes, los materiales, los tiempos) A bad project: one that is inattentive (to the places, people, materials, time) Proyecto pendiente: mi casa Pending project: my house Un arquitecto: Lina Bo Bardi, Aino Aalto, Raili Pietila, Alison Smithson,… An architect: Lina Bo Bardi, Aino Aalto, Raili Pietilä, Alison Smithson,... Una ciudad: Berlín A city: Berlin to understand what people want (not just the utilitarian ones) of each space and to demand them. What is the difference between planning for a private space and planning for a public one? The difference is in the closeness of the stakeholders in the project phase: private projects are conceived based on what the people who will go on to live in them demand; in public projects, a greater responsibility is assumed in decision making, in defining spaces, in their design, in the choice of materials, as well as in its versatility and its permanence. What kinds of projects do you most enjoy? Is there any type of space you have a predilection for? The most enjoyable projects are those that pose a challenge, however small or huge. A limited space or a low budget (as with our Cañada Rosal Library or the Social Centre in Seville) may be situations where one can display ingenuity, inventiveness and creativity, and it is also a challenge to design a new urban development that covers a vast area, as in the urban projects we have designed in Moscow or St. Petersburg with Atlantic and Eddea. MEDIOMUNDO arquitectos has carried out projects around the world; in which country have you felt more comfortable working? Conditions change in each country and with each promoter or client, project times have to adapt, the tools as well. We always felt comfortable if it is understood that, as architects, we are a significant part of the team, because our work is always focusing in design by means of ‘synthesis and proposal’. In the contract business, furniture is very important. When you are asked to furnish a space, what criteria do you follow? Cineteatro San Francisco (Vejer de la Frontera, Cádiz, Spain)/ San Francisco Theatre. Foto/Photo © Jorge Yeregui Furniture is an essential part of architecture, so we integrate a large part into each work and we try to choose the rest, which is not always possible because often they are separate tenders. Working with houses of furniture in that case is a basis to share criteria and to choose the right furniture. For the Faculty of Health Sciences in Granada, we designed several pieces of furniture, including the “Tube” bench for walking areas, the “Zero” bench at the roof garden, the “Alejo” seats for the Assembly Hall and we enjoyed inventing “BanisterSit”, benches around the stairs which include large seats and have become meeting places for students. Is there an essential element to consider in the design of an interior? In interior design it is always positive to incorporate vegetation. How do you assess the crisis in the building sector? Do you think it has acted in favor of creativity in architecture? Construction is a cyclical industry. It works with flashpoints and in times of crisis, in relatively quick periods of time. Architecture however is permanently present during these stages, mindful of the historical vicissitudes, the cultural context, social and economic context in which it is generated. It adapts its resources, seeks invention, it is generous and attentive to circumstances. How do you see the future of architecture in Spain? No doubt in Spain there are very good professionals, of all generations, and there has been a noticeable change between users and developers who appreciate the best of a discrete and pragmatic, experimental and innovative architecture, which is attentive to the everyday life and to the exceptional, and one which suggests an interesting future.n


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